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Trends in Entrepreneurship 1000 Last Year

Let us examine the trend of the last 1000 years. There we see the transfer of power in the group of people or individuals.

year 1000
Power in the hands of the clergy, which incidentally are some people who can read and write

year 1455
Invention of printing which allows more knowledge could spread to more people. Thus the power shifted from religion to politics

in 1555
Politicians began to be more powerful and to maintain power, the bureaucracy is made

year 1970
The discovery of the microchip allows more information to person group spread is greater. Power slowly shifted from politics to economy

year 1995
Economy is now so important that the cause of the downfall of many political leaders (exp.Presiden Suharto of Indonesia, Prime Minister Chavalit Yongchaiyudh of Thailand) during a very short period

Year 2020 balance of power shifts slowly from the bureaucracy to entrepreneurship. (Bill Gates was chosen as the most powerful people in the UK)

It has been predicted that over the past 25 years, individual bureaucrats will be defensive, looking for ways to maintain existing security status of their living standards, while the entrepreneurial individual who will be offensive, seeking to enlarge their opportunities, their skills and increasing their quality of life .

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History of State Bank Indonesia

Like the best knowledge about the world that Indonesia’s banking former colonial masters, the Dutch. Therefore, the history of banking was not separated from the influence that invaded his country for government banks and private banks. The following describes briefly the history of government-owned banks, namely:

*    Central Bank
Indonesia’s Central Bank is the Bank Indonesia (BI) based on Law No. 13 of 1968. Then again confirmed it by Law No. 23 Year 1999.Bank previously derived from De Javasche National Bank on it in 1951.
*    Bank Rakyat Indonesia and the Export Import Bank
*    Bank is derived from De Algemene Bank Volkscrediet, then melting after a single bank under the name of National Bank Indonesia (BNI) Unit II engaged in rural and export import (exim), separated again into:

1. In charge of rural to Bank Rakyat Indonesia with Law No. 21 Year 1968.

2. Exim charge of the Law No. 22 Year 1968 to Export Import Bank Indonesia.

*    Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI ’46)
*    Bank BNI Unit III underwent the Law No. 17 Year 1968 turned out to be Bank Negara Indonesia ’46.
*    Bank Dagang Negara (BDN)
*    Escompto BDN from nationalized bank in the Government Regulation No. 13 Year 1960, but the PP (Government Regulation) was repealed by replaced by Law No. 18 of 1968 became Bank Dagang Negara. BDN is the only one that is outside the State Bank of Bank Negara Indonesia Unit.
*    Bank Bumi Daya (BBD)
*    BBD was originally derived from Nederlandsch Indische Hendles Bank, later became Hendles Nationale Bank, further bank became Bank Negara Indonesia Unit IV and based on Law No. 19 Year 1968 to Bank Bumi Daya.
*    Development Bank Indonesia (Bapindo)
*    Regional Development Bank (BPD)
The bank was established in the regions level I. Its legal basis is Act No 13 of 1962.
*    Savings Bank Negara (BTN)
BTN came from De Post Paar Bank in the Postal Savings Bank in 1950. Further to Bank Negara Indonesia Unit V and finally to the State Savings Bank with Law No. 20 Year 1968.
*    Bank Mandiri
Bank Mandiri is the result of a merger between Bank Bumi Daya (BBD), Bank Dagang Negara (BDN), Development Bank of Indonesia (Bapindo) and Bank Indonesia Export Import (Exim Ban). The results of the four bank merger was implemented in 1999.

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Want to Become Entrepreneur Printing Santri

Surabaya, Indonesia. Age 43 years. Who would have thought this respected kiai who had been a coffee farmer. Even science is ‘high’ in terms of coffee, because Muhammad Zakki has become entrepreneurs in the field.

“In addition to religious education, students learn to manage the business,” he said to Surya encountered in the pesantren, the Housing Graha Tirta, Waru, Sidoarjo.

Most of the students who are still studying at college in Sidoarjo and Surabaya were taught to produce processed coffee to sell to the market.
Hundreds of students are invited to get involved directly process the seeds to turn coffee into your cooking and coffee powder.

According to Muhammad Zakki, they instantly become the practice of product marketing personnel to a number of traditional markets throughout East Java. Within a month, hundreds of students was able to produce about 20-25 tons of coffee cooking. There are two brands of coffee produced these students.
“Brand and Pendowo Makhota Limo King,” said alumnus IAIN Sunan Ampel 1993, the East Java Chamber of Commerce board since 2009.

The students are studying for three years. Once they graduate, schools do not take it off straight away. However, keep in touch with them and encourage the practice expertise to make coffee.

According to Etty Sriwinarti husband present, it supplies raw materials for the students and encourage them to open businesses in their respective places of origin.

The idea of ​​establishing an educational boarding santri entrepreneurial minded since it occurred to cultivate the coffee business for 15 years. But the intention was only sparked when he was performing the Hajj in 2004.

Muhammad Zakki pray in the Holy Land of Mecca in order to establish a boarding business intentions materialize. “I want to help. Those of them come from disadvantaged families, “he explained.

Once home from the pilgrimage, Muhammad Zakki gradually realize his intentions. Independent boarding and Agribusiness believer was built in 2006 and receiving students. Now 112 students have been living in boarding schools located in the middle of this housing. 2013, schools are ready to receive santriwati.

Then what is the background of these entrepreneurs founded the boarding school? Muhammad Zakki see a lot of potential for agribusiness in Indonesia that has not managed properly. On the other hand, he saw the potential is enormous if the students were given a business lunch.

“Potential students are less empowered, that’s why I want to print the students to become entrepreneurs. Because my coffee business, yes I teach the trade of coffee, “he said.

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ENTREPRENEUR OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

“Prioritize our emotional intelligence in business it is an absolute must

You begin to heat? You think you already have what it takes to become an entrepreneur? You’ve read all the success stories about people and it makes you “hot”? True, the reader, if that happens, it’s time to become your own boss. But, if you’re ready to leave good jobs and comfortable with a monthly salary, modern office, the efficient secretary, and a sense of security that comes on when you work for an established organization?

A friend who has spent years working on the largest national airline company, with thousands of staff, salaries of millions, full facilities, all of a sudden decided to get out and entrepreneurship. The first words are received,
“Are you crazy?” …. “You destroy a promising career” ….. and other abuse. Not to mention the feelings of children and wives, parents and other relatives who could not say …

Takes great courage to write a letter of resignation. Still confident are you have everything that will lead you to become a successful entrepreneur? Then what would you do? The first rule of entrepreneurship, train yourself to see the void or gap in the market, then fill it.

Look around you. Look at the people on the streets, they are sitting behind a sewing machine, what services will he give? Look at her chicken satay seller of women near the inn cheap, why would he choose that location? How about a new hotel on the main road, why be so successful? What about the people who worked on the computer it can be very successful in the business of his own software program?

There is a short answer to all these questions: it exists because there is business that requires them. No matter whether you try the chicken thighs, a nice restaurant or a website. Or, are you talking about the daily round of 100 thousand or 100 million, starting from A – B, even up to C, the same principle:
1 Success in business
2 Working with the principle
3 Finding a vacancy
4 And fill it!

As the world of men were struck with the discovery of Viagra blue pill is a drug that is actually a pacemaker, but then so hyper organ of male virility, a few years ago the whole world simultaneously publish it (remember, Viagra has never advertise in any media). The result, Viagra became the product of the year and generate billions of dollars for the inventor.

The case of Viagra in the world, apparently provided the inspiration for Jonathan Simon. After the previous success breeds Extra Joss, which generates hundreds of billions, and then came the IREX more or less the same function as Viagra. With the tag line “Mama Birthday Gift”, and is packed with ads that are played by men emaciated and sluggish, has suddenly become powerful after drinking IREX, the result, this product in the market exploded. Yes, they are alert to opportunities, and fill the void.

Then why do not you do this? If you are first offered to the public what the public needed and not obtained from other people, or if you manage to anticipate a need in the future, you have a good chance to become rich. Until now, the competition, you will have all the markets alone.

History provides many examples of entrepreneurs who became successful by meeting or anticipate the need for new products. Isaac Merit Singer sewing machines produced are suitable for working in confined spaces, even in the room though. Henry Ford’s assembly line method was used to produce cars that ordinary people can buy. George Eastman saw a need for a small camera is portable. Ray Krock of Mc Donald saw the potential of fast-food franchise.

Where did it come ideas like that? There are three kinds of sources of ideas.
First, your job. The work you’ve done could be a potential source of ideas, because that’s where you’ve developed business sense.
Second, your hobbies or interests outside of work, because it is an other area where you have a natural feeling.

The third source, is what is often referred to as “pedestrian observations”, or recognize an opportunity through an ordinary meeting, or an incident in your everyday life.

If you are first, then you should not brilliant. Later you’ll have time to develop and improve everything you’ve ever done. But when the others began to compete with you, then you have to be the best.

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Plunge into the two state-owned enterprises Business Hotel

“Budget Hotel” or budget-friendly hotel or hotel like a magnet in the wilds of saving the hospitality industry. Not just a glance at the giant property developer business potential of this budget hotel, but also state-owned enterprises (SOEs) involved enamored with the business sector is tourism.

Uniquely, the state is interested in the budget hotel business is not a state that already has a hotel business background, such as PT Hotel Indonesia Natour. Who looked at this budget hotel business is airport operator company, namely PT Angkasa Pura I.

Companies that used to take care of these flying boats dare poured Rp68 billion investment to build two hotels budget hotel concept is simple alias, at Juanda International Airport, Surabaya, and the Sultan Hasannuddin.

Since no experience in hotel business, Angkasa Pura I is partnering with a hotel operator, Accor Asia Pacific is Indonesia. In the hotel business, Angkasa Pura brings hotel brand, Ibis Budget Angkasa Pura Hotel.

If nothing gets in the way, the hotel began operating November this year.

Angkasa Pura Hotels dare set a target of 2022 units of budget hotel rooms will be ready until 2016.

Not only AP I, there is another company that is now follow-owned budget hotel business. The company is PT Pos Indonesia. SOEs that have a business network to the remote villages would also follow business budget hotel.

For the budget hotel business, Pos Indonesia investment worth Rp70 billion.

The first stage, Pos Indonesia to build two budget hotels in the city of Bandung. Pos Indonesia to build hotels in the city of Flower is because there has property assets. In addition, London is known as a tourist destination for the citizens of Jabodetabek.

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Raising Ducks

In East Java, one of the production centers and salted duck eggs that are well known in the village of Modopuro, Kirkcaldy District, District Mojokerto.

Modopuro activities in the village is the maintenance of duck, salted egg making, selling fried duck, smoked duck and manufacture. In this village there are no members of the community who are unemployed. Everything from live ducks. In this village, may be said to have income of affluent societies.

Success is contagious Modopuro village to village, including the Village Mejoyo, District Ward, in the same district. Community in this village, like the village life as well Modopuro most of the maintenance of duck. Some are raising laying ducks, duck meat traders, maker of salted eggs, and so forth. Demand for duck meat from the Surabaya, Malang to the surrounding areas Mojokerto continue to increase. Advantage of the salted egg products are Mejoyo Village, salty egg was more sintered, Itiknya feels more savory meat.

Although most of his business has gone well, but many farmers in this village are still having difficulty to raise revenue because the majority of its business is still small scale.

Capital support seems to be expected, but the people in the village trying to find a solution to overcome the obstacles it faces. One way to do this is to form a group of peasant farmers from the 10 to 20 farmers to exchange experiences duck the way of good management. In addition, they also try to seek funding from the financing of its existing microfinance institutions in the district of Mojokerto in groups.

According to one farmer who met the author, Suparmi, said, that the main obstacle in developing a business lies in the lack of capital. Necessary capital used to purchase equipment that is more modern hatcheries, home appliances, building cages, and feeding and other maintenance costs.

Although to date the business activities of the farmers in this village have been made very simple, but passionate community continues burning. Activities undertaken in rural communities is at least able to boost the economy of society, from the relatively weak rural economy slowly but surely into the village of ‘living

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Principal

Principal term in the IT career path may be a bit sparse sound. Terms such as “Principal Software Engineer” or “Principal Network Engineer” has been commonly used in the IT world, it’s just not a lot of people with this designation. Principal here means that the “main” / the top. In addition, not all IT professionals to achieve this level, most companies find it enough to hire a senior level with the expert in the technical aspects. As a result, IT professionals who have reached senior level will shift to management as project manager if you want to achieve higher career.

If we borrow a phrase from one of the famous manga, you could say this is the level of “S-Class” or “Super”. Those who reach this level are considered generally recognized as the most brilliant among the seniors. They are not only considered as “Expert” but also as “Leader” in the field.

The characteristics of this level are:

*    Having all the capabilities of senior level
*    As a point of asking in terms of technology in the field of profession (technology expert and leader) in the wider national and international
*    Often create articles / writings about his profession fields that benefit others
*    Can be trusted to build / develop a standard (set the standards) used in the profession, such as creating a particular design pattern or an effective software development methodology.

One example of this level are those who get the MVP Award (Most Valuable Professional) from a software giant that is not familiar to us, or who holds a CCIE certificate from a vendor largest network.

Salary:
Salary levels can not be ascertained because usually they are special people who besides an important asset in the project is also an important point or “prestige” of an IT company. Some of them could earn more than the project manager.

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Creativity: The requirement in Entrepreneurship

Do not stick just to see glamorous change! You, one among so many people who could bring something new! Think of this as a habit. Since you live in a century of creativity. Creative is the key to winning the competition. There are many concepts of creativity. One of them, taking inspiration from the music, exactly, jazz music. In jazz music, there is the term jam session when musicians did not play a particular song, but the instrument without being tied steady chord songs, free-flowing course. Jamming, John Kao pour inspired his theory in a book that has been circulating in the Indonesian language, “Jamming: The Art and Discipline Business Creativity”.
If jamming can tickle the ears with beautiful music, business too, so maybe take a step outside the usual alternative policies. The result, as in jazz jamming, remains “rhythmic and pleasant”. That analogy theory of Kao in the business world.
Jamming in the business, is a creative endeavor. There is imagination, creativity totality, taking inspiration from the flickering glow everywhere. From there create creative ideas in business development. Who are “sparing partner” of an entrepreneur in the exploit creative ideas? He can be a fellow entrepreneur, even though there’s nothing wrong with other people who are very different from the world of work (not entrepreneurs).

Work “routine round”, “obedient grip”, the highest decision-making level, particularly as the attitude towards the reality of the business center, believed to be a dangerous attitude for business continuity. Routine, grip, grip it, a fetter to the progress. However, do not interpret it wrong. Management of creativity, not the “anti-rules”. Certain rules, must still exist, but its existence is not the creativity. There is an “extreme” in the case of this renewal. For example, computer hardware manufacturers worldwide, intell. Intell, periodically always destroy their old product after the manufacture of new product team creativity results. Similar measures, although “accidental” experienced by the company Unilever. As soon as new products emerge, old products Unilever “automatic” defeated its own new products.

If there’s intell and Unilever examples in this section, two of the big corporate world, true creativity is not a big corporate monopoly. In the small business sector also, creative ideas emerge from reflection and conversation about things that never occurred. It is precisely in small business, creativity should be further developed, as is usually small businesses, have had little human resources. These points so that small businesses are relatively more compact people, so the transfer of new creativity can quickly flatten. In a small business creativity shorter transfer path. An innovator in the short time he was able to directly transfer the new findings to all those who worked with him. Not impossible, for the transfer of new findings, it could well trigger the growth of creativity.

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Having teamed Success Road Alone

KH Muhammad Zakki always stressed the importance of trust in a business to santri. In addition, the remains resilient and good at looking for opportunities. While there are opportunities to be captured by the risk. Do not be afraid to fail.
Successful coffee business is not as easy as turning the palm of the hand. Muhammad Zakki winding road. Initially, he teamed up with others in the management of coffee plantations in Tulungagung.

“Now it exports itself to a number of countries, an average of 75 tons a month. Most of the robusta species,” he said to Surya.

Business was initially just to process the raw coffee beans processed coffee. When the partnership dissolved manages 400 hectares of land, he bought himself a land area of ​​650 hectares in the same location. Muhammad Zakki not directly sell the coffee harvest. But it is processed before entering the workshop in East Java market.

Over time, called fluttering. Order flows from abroad in 1999. One container is sent to Japan via Jakarta. “Coffee robusta easier fit with the foreign tongue. We, too,” he explained.

Through the flag of PT Mutiara Dewi Jayanti, Muhammad Zakki exporting hundreds of tons of raw coffee beans processed by the King and Pendowo Makhota brand Limo. Currently, export markets are Japan and China, and was exploring Dubai.

After all, from the business he had lost also because of the hundreds of world coffee prices plummeted. “Thank God, I can survive. Stock I was not too much compared to other coffee entrepreneurs,” said Muhammad Zakki. (Surabaya, Indonesia)

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Examiners bedroom

A travel websites in China, Qunar, employing three specially in secret will check rooms offer the famous hotels there. Their job is to assess the strength of the wi-fi in the room, soft slippers, and room service hotels across the country.

While Travelodge employs a full-time reviewers bed to try out all the hotel rooms. In 2006, this work is producing hundreds of thousands of dollars each year, the average income of U.S. $ 1,500 or equivalent to Rp 14 million per month.