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Financial Management and Budgeting in Business

Importance of Financial Management

Finance is a key functional area of business management. This area is commonly referred to as Financial Management. The term defines the achievement of key financial objectives by making investment and financial decisions. Essentially, it is the management of all the processes associated with the efficient acquisition and deployment of both short and long-term financial resources. Financial Management assists an organisation’s management to reach its financial objectives such as the creation of wealth, solvency, liquidity, growth and return on investment achieved through a process of financial planning, control and decision-making.

Financial Control

Financial control consists of different strategies to manage finances necessary to achieve the primary purpose of every business; which is to earn profit. Budgets are the traditional financial control method and provide a measuring basis which performance can be assessed. By engaging in a yearly budgeting process a business can make plans and forecasts for the year ahead. Control action should be taken when actual performance appears not to be matching the outline of the budget. Therefore by monthly monitoring of expenses, controlling methods can be put into place when expenses becoming higher than figures stated in budget (such as spending cut backs or extra working hours). And by determining the reasons why figures do not match the yearly budget plan, a business can therefore make necessary plans for this not to occur in the future. Monthly monitoring of expenses is another example of a financial control. Such data includes cash balance, total wages costs and hours worked key sources of income, unusual or above budget expenditures.

 

Three Main Financial Statements

The 3 main financial statements necessary to analysis and improve on finance viability:

1) Balance sheet – ‘A statement of financial position that shows the assets of a business and the claims on those assets’

2) Income Statement – ‘A financial statement (also known as profit and loss account) that measures and reports the profit (or loss) the business has generated during a period.’

3) The cash flow statement – ‘A statement that shows the sources and uses of cash for a period’

By analysing these three financial statements on a regular basis a business can proactively forecast problems or opportunities before they arise. The 3 main financial statements are also considered as financial controls as these statements are used to understand and interpret the financial conditions of a business as a means of management and control. The statements enable a business to set guidelines and policies that enable growth and business success. An annual Profit and Loss statement is considered the most important financial statement and UK businesses are legally required to lodge a Profit & Loss Account with Companies House. In regards to cash flow, cash inflows are payments for products or services and interest on savings and investments. Cash outflows are a combination of many things including purchasing stock, daily operating expenses, fixed assets and government taxes. A business is also required to produce a balance sheet annually for reporting purposes. It provides a report of assets or liabilities.

Budgeting and Budgetary Control

A budget as a qualified statement, for a defined period of time, which may include planned revenues, expenses, assets, liabilities and cash flows. It is a short-term plan of working towards financial objectives. There are several styles of budgeting, these styles include –

* Fixed – does not allow for variations

* Flexible – Adjusts or flexes

* Continuous or rolling – continually amended

* Zero-based – needs assessed

* Incremental – uses previous budget with increment

Budgets are necessary to provide a basis for control, helping identify short-term problems and promote forward thinking. However, there is a need for budgets to be adaptable if they become unrealistic due to sudden changes in the business environment. This is known as ‘Flexing the Budget’ (which simply means revising the budget).

A variance report is required to indicate whether performance is below or above the budgeted level. It is the difference between the budgeted level of costs and revenue and the actual levels of costs and revenues also referred to as variance analysis. Budgets can also have a behavioural effect motivating the management team and staff to achieve better performance and help promote forward thinking.

Effective Business Planning

A business plan is made up of many elements but no business plan is complete without this financial information. For business planning to be effective, the budget and the three main financial statements (Profit & Loss, Balance Sheet and the cash flow statement) must be taken into consideration. A financial statement is the core of a business plan as they are used to identify various business strategies. Financial planning is interlinked with all elements of a business plan. Five key strategic plans interlinked with a budget (plan); 1) establishing mission and objectives, 2) undertaking a position analysis, 3) identifying and assess the strategy options, 4) selecting strategic options, 5) perform, review and control. By taking all of these elements into considering, a business can create an effective business plan containing financial data and projections.

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Manage Finance

Choosing The Right Receivable Financing Company

The very mention of the term “bank loan” to a business owner is often enough to elicit a very strong and visceral response and the simple truth of the matter is that the average business bank loan is a fairly contentious and controversial subject within the business community. On one hand, a bank loan will provide the business owner with a source of capital that they otherwise would not have, which in turn can mean that bold ambitions of expanding and developing the business in a particular direction can be more fully achieved and accomplished with a minimum of disruption.

This is especially significant in highly competitive sectors of the market, as any measure of delay can ultimately result a business that chose to postpone any sort of development or alterations to the manner in which they do business being overtaken by a rival. The downside here however, is that the loan will be required to be paid back and so if the business is struggling to generate enough revenue, or worse yet, is already in debt, then the repayment maybe too much of a burden for its finances.

Furthermore, in order to actually gain access to a bank loan, a business will typically be required to secure assets that it owns as collateral, and so a noncompliance with the terms of the loan will ultimately mean that the assets secured as collateral maybe seized by the lender.

Thankfully, there is an alternative strategy for the struggling business owner who is looking to secure another external source of capital finance to provide their company with a much needed kick start: a receivable financing company.

A receivable financing company, or a factoring agency as they oftentimes referred to within business parlance, is a business entity that will purchase outstanding invoice accounts from a company and then provide the client company with a sum of money upon receipt of the invoices. The receivable financing company will then assume full, legal responsibility for the collection process of the money owed by the client specified on the invoice.

Once the client has paid the full balance owed to the receivable financing company, the factoring agency will then release the remainder of the funds owed to the client company….with a small deduction made from the funds received from the client in order to cover the expenses that they have incurred.

One of the major benefits of using a factoring agency is that the client company will be guaranteed to receive a fairly large amount of money in a very short space of time indeed which effectively eliminates and protects against the risks that an unpredictable and capricious degree of cash flow will pose to a client company.

Furthermore, this method of business financing will effectively mean that the agency is responsible for the collection process thereby freeing up the time and money of the client company who will not have to contend with the chasing up of fees or commissions owed.

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Manage Finance Products Business

UK Finance for Business

Running a business and becoming successful in that venture requires a lot finance and financial assistance. In UK finance for business can be got from different sources. Business related financial services are provided by many organizations in that field. UK finance for leasing a company or organization, UK finance for debt collection, UK finance for Venture Capital can also be arranged.

There are companies that help a business in hire purchasing and arranging for leasing. You can approach such dedicated companies for such services. UK Finance for hardware funding for the information technology business is also available in companies. Leasing services for small businesses, agricultural and industrial funding operations are available in companies dedicated to that service. A company called Richard Mares Asset Finance in UK finances for agricultural and industrial setups. If you need information on UK finance for equipment leasing, mortgages and commercial finance then you can approach companies like 1st Leasing Company and 1pm.co.uk. Many options for UK finance are available with them. Just check out their website for more details on the different types of finance available with them. For UK finance from £5,000 upwards you can approach companies like 1pm. They work closely with their clients to provide what they need.

UK Finance for companies in the information technology sector can get their financing options from companies like Corporate Computer Lease Plc in UK. Such companies make IT more affordable and you get the UK finance for almost any technology spends. They have successful records of financing in UK for even Fortune 500 companies. This is one of the fastest growing UK finance companies.

Companies like Corporate Business Finance fund you for Plant, Machinery and for other corporate financial services. They provide finance in UK for many services like hire purchase, leasing, operating leases, factoring, release of capital, and commercial mortgages. Each and every business may need a unique funding requirement and it is a tedious task to arrange for funding when you need to run your business. A lot of time is wasted in searching for proper funding. Under such circumstances you can approach companies like these for UK finance for your funding requirements.

For new start ups it is difficult to get finance in UK or elsewhere. Most of the finance companies will fund only the established businesses. But companies like Oak Leasing help even the start ups since they understand the difficulties that the startups face. The problems that the start ups face are only initially. If they have a proper business plan they could come up. The team at Oak leasing would finance your startups and for any new equipments that you need. More details are available in their website.

There are companies that fund only the big companies. Finance for big companies is given by UK finance companies like the Benington Securities. It is a private enterprise brokerage. They cover only the corporate investments. There are many companies that provide UK finance for even individuals. Companies like Troman finance provide funds for the individuals and small business firms.

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Manage Finance

Online Auto Finance Companies May Be Your Best Chance to Get a Loan

If you are in the market for a new car, you’ll likely need to deal with auto finance companies to get the loan you need. There are different types of lenders that specialize in different credit situations. If you know where you stand as far as credit is concerned, you probably know which type of lender you’ll likely to be dealing with.

The prime lenders are auto finance companies that primarily deal with the major dealerships. They will provide the best interest rates and usually only require the standard information that’s usually required for most auto loans. To get the best rates or get approved, you need to have a good credit history. They may allow a few minor blemishes on your credit report but a low score or major items will be grounds for a rejection.

Many dealerships have a special finance division. This division deals with second tier or sub prime auto finance companies. They provide loans for people with low scores and negative items on their credit report. You will get a car from their dealership but you will pay a higher rate may need to provide additional paper work and proof of income. There is not much negotiating room so you won’t get a great deal on the price of the car. You may also be required to get an extended warranty to protect the lender from default.

Online auto finance companies provide financing to nearly everyone. There are lenders online that only provide credit to people with good credit but you’ll find many companies that provide lending to all credit types. The process is easy because you fill out a short form online. Based on the information you provide, you can get an answer in a little as one minute. You’ll be provided with the maximum loan amount, interest rate, and monthly payment.

Those with challenged credit histories may find it beneficial to shop for loans from online auto finance companies. By getting a pre approval, you know what price range you should be shopping. You don’t need to worry about dealers manipulating numbers to arrive at your monthly payment. Your rate and monthly payment is already predetermined by the online auto finance companies. You just go the dealership and negotiate the best price of the car and drive away.

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Do Car Finance Companies Know That Buyers Want a Reliable Car?

Are you planning to buy a decent and a reliable car? Many of US are searching to buy a new or used car but need car credit loan, most of them would find two different options, 1. Nationalize Bank and 2. Car Finance Company. Before you begin, you need to make sure that auto loan lender or a finance company that you choose is professional and experienced; and understands your car requirements. In the present economic scenario, owning a car loan isn’t a difficult task, and moreover with lots of auto loan providers and multiplicity of options, low interest auto loan rates aren’t something which seems far from reality. Further, there’s intense competition among the auto loan providers, and this automatically adds to the advantage of borrower. But amidst all the positive environment that is available to auto loan borrower, it becomes quite necessary to mention here that auto loan lenders will not provide low interest auto or car loans, until they are not satisfied with your credit score.

If you have a credit score of less than 640, then the conditions becomes sensitive for you, and in such a situation and lenders will think twice before passing your auto loan application for further processing. The most significant fact to know out here before the lender offers an auto loan is to check for credit score and also the past credit score rating. If you have impressive credit score, there’s nothing that needs to be done from your side, except filling the application and providing the proof of your credit report that will be attached with the loan application.

Car finance rates are variable, and this variability depends upon the kind of auto loan that you are going to apply. Again the question of low interest rates comes into the picture if you are searching for the lenders who can offer you the desired interest rates. This will help you to make a choice from the line of luxury cars rather than unwillingly settle for the basic car models. In general, the loan term for the auto loan can be settled between 6-months to 5-years. If you are going for used car loan, the loan term will be automatically reduced. Last, make sure that the new car loan that you hire is easy to repay.

Today due to many lenders in finance business the market of online car financing is highly viable. Individual will find wide range of financing options, but before you begin, consider all the auto financing options available to you. The most efficient way to avail the best auto financing options is to match the loan quote from multiple lenders. While comparing car loan quote be sure to look at the annual percentage rate (APR) and over-all cost of the entire loan. The whole cost includes amount borrowed, added to the deposit, interest paid and other charges.

Before you jump on to any deal it is suggested that you approach toward professional and experienced auto finance company that will understands your requirements and desire to own a decent car, and also help you with find low interest auto finance. A specialized auto finance company will compare your credit history report and offer you the affordable interest rates for the new or used vehicle financing you needs. This will make you a car owner, without you actually worrying about financial scruples.

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Manage Finance Products Business

Financing a Small Business – What Alternatives Are There to Finance Your Business?

A lot of reasons exist why you should not only get into business, but also endure in business. You may want to take any of these decisions because of the love of a particular business, because of a need to do so, because you are bound to continue from where someone stopped or because you simply have a feeling to do so. In almost every country of the world, people are looking at the business sector as one of the bests. There are always statistics of these found in all countries. For example, the United States Department of Labor produces statistics which indicate that for almost the first three quarters of last year, unemployment was very high and a lot of people resorted to doing business.

There is no need to trouble yourself on the way your business is going to look like. All that is necessary for you to do is to develop a plan and seek for any of the so many options of securing finance for the business. The following lines are meant to encourage those coming into business and even those already in business to seek for means of financing their businesses:

Loans

This type of finance for a business is common all over the world and it can easily be gotten. In some cases, there is often a belief the loans can easily be gotten by everyone who applies for it. This may be true or false. It all depends on your business plan, the lending policy of the bank and the type and value of security you have. What makes this source of finance much considered is that interest rates on the loans are also reasonable. It should be warned that you should not get into taken of loans without seeking for proper recommendations from experts. Remember that it is always good to know the ins and outs of every type of loan ahead of getting into it.

Angel Financing

This is also another common source of finance that is common among new businesses and even those that are already in existence. What obtains here is that there are so many people who have the willingness and ability to pump finance into any business which have potentials to grow. Angel financing can be a family type. This will involve members of the same family pulling their resources together and investing it to develop a business plan. This is good but not preferable because of the close ties that the members may attach to each other, which may not be best for the health of a business. Angel financing can also be an affiliation angel. This will involve an association of friends willing to see a business plan from conception to completion. Another strand of angel financing is idea angel. These are financiers who are involved at the conception and actual progress of the business. Whatever the form of angel financing that you may opt for, you must get into the set of connections that these angels operate before you can benefit from financing.

Equity Financing

This involves raising money for the business by using what the business owns and can give out to the public. There are individuals willing to pay for equity in the business and even take part in the running of the business. Although this type of financing is common, it may not be available to every type of business. This is the more reason why every business owner must always carry out enough research in order to get the appropriate financing for his or her business.

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The Myth Of Inventory Finance Companies

Your company carries it. You need to finance it. We’re of course talking about inventory. Discussions with clients reveal a lot of misconceptions around inventory financing in Canada. Let’s try and resolve some of those myths around the financing of your inventory, who the players are, who they are not ( that’s the most common myth ) and we’ll also try and provide some straight forward direction on next steps in your inventory financing challenge.

The overall quality of your inventory management will play a large part in your ability to finance your products, which are a part of the current assets component of your balance sheet. You cannot overlook the importance that an inventory lender will place on your ability to report and count your products. The reality is that most firms are either carrying a ‘ continuous’ or ‘ ‘periodic’ system of inventory control.

So here is solid tip # 1 – be aware that inventory lenders prefer a continuous type of inventory accounting, for all the obvious reasons. Essentially you are counting and monitoring inventory (with the use of software of course!) at all times. That’s a good thing when it comes to a lenders valuation on an ongoing basis and their ability to lend.

You’re company is growing. Unfortunately so is your inventory! And that places a huge drain on your cash flow. The working capital cycle dictates that cash turns into inventory which turns into receivables and then we start all over… that lag can be anywhere from 60 – 120 days, sometimes longer. Never underestimate the problem that higher sales will bring to your inventory financing needs.

Clients typically are looking for inventory financing because the level of investment that you have in product and receivables drains your cash flow. As sales volumes increase your cash flow decreases based on your overall collection period of A/R and of course those inventory turns.

Your sales staff of course never wants to be in a position to tell a customer you don’t have the product they have worked so hard to sell.

Does your company have an inventory financing strategy? The majority of firms we talk to in Canada, certainly in the small and medium business sector do not have access to the inventory financing they need. Do true inventory financing companies exist in Canada? We feel that the answer is generally ‘ no ‘, they do not. However if your firm would consider an asset based lending scenario that in effect takes the place of inventory finance companies in Canada.

Under an asset based lending strategy your inventory is margined for what its worth, by experts who categorically know what its worth. You will enhance your ability to finance your product if you have the controls, reporting, and inventory accounting system in places that makes the inventory and asset based lender ‘ comfortable ‘.

Speak to a trusted, credible, and experienced business financing advisor with regards to inventory financing companies and asset based lenders who will give your product the financing it deserves!

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Financing Your Business

When you are starting or improving a business, you may need to need a way of getting the money you need to help. It is important to make sure you educate yourself on the different types of financing options available. If you need a small amount of money, you may want to use credit cards or a personal loan. This can be an alternative for the capital you need. If you need a larger amount, you can do research on bank loans or bank lines of credit. Some revolving lines of credit can give you a more competetive rate than a traditional loan. To draw on your revolving credit line, you simply write a check in any amount, up to your available credit limit and deposit it into your regular business checking account. You then repay the amount borrowed through monthly payments that can usually be deducted directly from your business checking account.

The interest rate on a line of credit is based on the prime rate of interest and fluctuates as the Prime Rate changes. Another option for raising capital for your business, is to look into getting a Small Business Administration loan. The SBA guarantees loans from commercial banks that provide the capital for the business loans. Another option to consider for a way to get business financing, is to look at a business installment loan. This is a fixed or variable rate loan, available in amounts from $3,000 to $350,000 for a specific length of time. Usually this type of loan is extended for a period of one to five years. These funds can help finance capital expenditures like new equipment, a redesign of your offices, or expanding your business. Another option for raising money you need to finance your business, is through an unsecured working capital loan. These simply are loans for working capital that are unsecured, only based on the credit worthiness of the applicant. If your business has equipment you own, you can get a equipment financing loan.

In this type of loan, you are using the equipment as your collateral for the loan. Equipment Leasing is an easier way to find financing for your equipment needs and obtain tax benefits at the same time. If you are an existing business and take credit cards, you may be able to get a merchant account cash advance. With this type of loan, you are getting immediate cash now in return for a percentage of your monthly credit card sales being taken from the company you took the advance with. It is very important to make sure you have a business plan before trying to apply for business loans. By having a business plan, you are increasing your chances of being approved for the loan you are seeking. If you do your research and fully educate yourself on the type of business financing you are looking for, you will definitely be more prepared and receive the best financing option that is right for your business.

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What Can Online Car Finance Companies Do for You?

People who want to buy a new or used car but need car credit. Most people will have 2 options, high street bank or car finance company. Bank only lend to customers who have a current account or bank with them, also they only lend money to really good credit customers. If you didn’t receive an acceptance from the bank, you will probably need to go on the Internet and look for companies that will offer cheap car loans. The difference is car finance company only provide the money for you to buy a car and the bank will transfer the money into your bank and just pay them back each month.

The advantage of going with a car finance company is they will be able to check the car is HPI clear, the car is not over priced and in good condition. Once you are accept for finance, you can look for the car you want like the money is in your pocket. It will also send the money direct to the car dealer of your choice. This is because most finance company allows you to buy any car from any dealer.

Car finance companies check people’s credit profile to determine how much they will have to pay back each month. Monthly payment will be decide on how much the customers want to borrow, for how long and APR. It will have to come from a main dealer, if there are any faults with the car after a week or two. You can always bring it back to them and ask them to resolve the issue. The customers and the lender don’t want to lose any money or the customer satisfaction on the car loans journey.

Online car finance companies can provide the customers a safe place to obtain the loans and their new car. If the bank just gave you the money in your bank account, maybe you went and brought a stolen or a write off. Make sure you will have a look at the finance company reviews and ask your friends for any good car credit companies they previously used.

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Secrets of Dealing With Equipment Leasing Financing Companies

What’s my rate? Are we approved? What are my rights and obligations under this transaction? What’s the capital of North Dakota… oh sorry, forget that last one..!

And on it goes… these are just some of the many questions that clients ask us when they are looking for assistance in sourcing and negotiating equipment leasing and working with financing companies in that regard. We do acknowledge it’s a big challenge sometimes – the Canadian marketplace is a bit different than its counterpart in the U.S. The finance industry is fragmented, and business owners and financial mangers absolutely could not be expected to know the credit appetite, the asset appetite, and the structuring options available from literally hundreds of firms offering lease financing.

Let’s share some ‘ secrets’ and tips around ensuring you can be successful in your equipment financing strategy. First of all, different strokes for different folks – what do we mean by that? Simply there are number of very well published ‘ equipment leasing benefits ‘ offered by finance firms. Do they all apply to your firm? Probably note, so focus in on understanding which benefits of lease financing work for you, and then… maximize them! Through effective negotiations.

For the record those benefits usually include payment structuring to your cash flow, tax advantages, upgrade and return options, and simply being an alternative to traditional debt and loan negotiation. Oh and we forgot one other key benefit, its generally recognized that lease financing credit approval is significantly easier to obtain than bank term debt or other loan mechanisms of a more traditional nature.

Psst… Want to know another secret. Here’s a good one, that almost no transaction is too large or too small for the Canadian equipment financing market. So, if it makes sense to lease a 2000.00 photocopier consider it, and if you’re buying a corporate jet for 3 Million dollars, there is a lease approval for that asset also.

If there is on obvious secret or tip that most owners miss it’s simply that when it comes to any type of ‘ technology ‘ you should consider equipment leasing with financing companies that are knowledgeable about the asset. We are mostly talking about computers, but the tech universe today covers telecom, and many other types of assets. Technology changes, tech assets depreciates very quickly, and the best kept secret in town is often a technology operating lease, allowing you full use, but not ownership, of the asset.

Many clients seem confused by the ‘ lingo’ used by financing companies. You can be forgiven for not knowing ‘ off balance sheet leasing, residuals, fmv, all in rate, amort, ‘ etc, etc etc. So the best and final secret we can probably provide for you is simply to search out a trusted, credible, and experienced Canadian business financing advisor who will help you identify priorities and finalize equipment leasing success for your asset acquisitions.

Oh and by the way. Bismarck. That’s the capital of North Dakota.